roof (pl.roofs or rooves) is the top covering of a building, including all materials and constructions necessary to support it on the walls of the building or on uprights, providing protection against rainsnowsunlight, extremes of temperature, and wind.[1] A roof is part of the building envelope.

The characteristics of a roof are dependent upon the purpose of the building that it covers, the available roofing materials and the local traditions of construction and wider concepts of architectural design and practice, and may also be governed by local or national legislation. In most countries, a roof protects primarily against rain. A verandah may be roofed with material that protects against sunlight but admits the other elements. The roof of a garden conservatory protects plants from cold, wind, and rain, but admits light.

A roof may also provide additional living space, for example, a roof garden.

Etymology[edit]

Old English hrof[2] ‘roof, ceiling, top, summit; heaven, sky’, also figuratively, ‘highest point of something’, from Proto-Germanic *khrofam (cf. Dutch roef ‘deckhouse, cabin, coffin-lid’, Middle High German rof ‘penthouse’, Old Norse hrof ‘boat shed’). There are no apparent connections outside the Germanic family. “English alone has retained the word in a general sense, for which the other languages use forms corresponding to OE. þæc thatch”.[3]

Design elements[edit]

The elements in the design of a roof are:

The material of a roof may range from banana leaves, wheaten straw or seagrass to laminated glasscopper (see: copper roofing)aluminium sheeting and pre-cast concrete. In many parts of the world ceramic roof tiles have been the predominant roofing material for centuries, if not millennia. Other roofing materials include asphaltcoal tar pitchEPDM rubberHypalonpolyurethane foamPVCslateTeflon fabricTPO, and wood shakes and shingles.

The construction of a roof is determined by its method of support and how the underneath space is bridged and whether or not the roof is pitched. The pitch is the angle at which the roof rises from its lowest to highest point. Most US domestic architecture, except in very dry regions, has roofs that are sloped, or pitched. Although modern construction elements such as drainpipes may remove the need for pitch, roofs are pitched for reasons of tradition and aesthetics. So the pitch is partly dependent upon stylistic factors, and partially to do with practicalities.

Some types of roofing, for example thatch, require a steep pitch in order to be waterproof and durable. Other types of roofing, for example pantiles, are unstable on a steeply pitched roof but provide excellent weather protection at a relatively low angle. In regions where there is little rain, an almost flat roof with a slight run-off provides adequate protection against an occasional downpour. Drainpipes also remove the need for a sloping roof.

A person that specializes in roof construction is called a roofer.

The durability of a roof is a matter of concern because the roof is often the least accessible part of a building for purposes of repair and renewal, while its damage or destruction can have serious effects.

How To Repair and Maintain a Metal Roof

By |2024-01-22T21:00:13+00:00January 4th, 2024|Metal Roofing, Roof Repair, Roofing|

Metal roofing in Houston has plenty of benefits. Metal roofs are known to be more durable and last longer than other types of roofing. It's also more environmentally friendly since when the time does come to replace metal roofing, you can recycle it. Metal roofing is even more energy-efficient. Asphalt roofing soaks up the sun's

Navigating Roof Damage Claims After a Storm in Houston, TX

By |2024-01-22T18:51:12+00:00January 2nd, 2024|Residential Roofing, Roof Installation, Roof Repair, Roof replacement, Roofing|

When You Need Your Insurance Company to Repair or Replace Your Roof In the city of Houston, Texas, unpredictable weather events, including severe storms and heavy rainfall, are a part of life. Unfortunately, these weather phenomena can lead to roof damage, making it essential to prepare for dealing with your insurance company. This blog offers

Guarding Your Home: The Top 5 Signs Your North Houston Roof Needs Immediate Repair

By |2024-01-22T18:45:43+00:00November 14th, 2023|Residential Roofing, Roof Repair, Roofing|

As proud homeowners in the vibrant city of Houston, we understand the significance of a sturdy and reliable roof. Your roof plays a crucial role in protecting your home from the unpredictable Texas weather, and recognizing the signs that it needs immediate attention can save you from costly repairs down the line. In this blog

Solar Ready Roofing

By |2023-12-07T04:13:35+00:00September 20th, 2023|Residential Roofing, Roofing|

Getting Your Residential Roof Ready for Solar Panels Houston, Texas, is famous for its scorching summers and abundant sunshine. While this sunny climate can be a source of delight for residents, it can also lead to hefty energy bills due to the constant need for air conditioning. However, savvy homeowners are turning the tables

New Roof & How to Make Sure Your Lasts a Long Time

By |2024-01-22T22:43:48+00:00September 12th, 2023|Residential Roofing, Roof Installation, Roof Repair, Roof replacement, Roofing|

Investing in a new roof for your home is a significant undertaking. Not only does it protect your property from the elements, but it also adds value and curb appeal. To get the most out of your investment and ensure that your new roof stands the test of time, proper care and maintenance are

Commercial Roofing Maintenance in Houston

By |2023-12-07T04:14:46+00:00July 25th, 2023|Commercial Roofing, Roofing|

When it comes to commercial roofing in Houston, installation is only the first step. Having a proper maintenance plan for the roof of your commercial building is vital to ensure it lasts for years and saves you money over its lifetime. Just as with a vehicle, scheduling routine maintenance ensures you won't have to

Commercial Metal Roofing Experts in Houston

By |2023-12-07T04:10:49+00:00July 24th, 2023|Commercial Roofing, Metal Roofing, Roofing|

A quality, expert-installed roof is one of the most important investments you'll make for your commercial property. That's why choosing a durable and energy-efficient metal roof and hiring the best people to install and maintain it is essential. Here's your comprehensive guide to hiring certified experts for commercial roofing in Houston and the surrounding area.

Top 6 Roofing Trends for 2024

By |2024-01-22T19:49:28+00:00March 25th, 2023|Commercial Roofing, Metal Roofing, Roofing|

Any professional in commercial roofing company in Houston will tell you that roofs don't last forever. Most asphalt shingled roofs will last a business for about 20 years. After the expected lifespan, you will begin to see signs of wear and damage to both the interior and exterior of the property. Therefore, you must take

When You Need A Commercial Roofing Service In Houston

By |2023-12-07T04:14:39+00:00December 20th, 2022|Commercial Roofing, Roof replacement, Roofing|

Your commercial roof impacts everything from your building's stability and water resistance to its temperature and energy efficiency. It's important to know when you need commercial roofing service so you can invest in prompt repairs and replacements to protect your building and your budget. Signs You Need Commercial Roofing Service It's important to know when

Common Services for Commercial Roofing in Houston

By |2023-12-07T03:26:29+00:00November 23rd, 2022|Commercial Roofing, Gutter Installation, Metal Roofing, Roof replacement|

Your commercial roofing is your first line of defense against the elements in Houston. From harsh sun to lingering humidity to severe thunderstorms, your roof protects you from a lot. It's important to know who to turn to when you need commercial roofing in Houston, because a prompt inspection, replacement, or repair can make

Go to Top